Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Canetti Elias

Elias Canetti was born in 1905 in Bulgaria. In 1981 he received the Nobel prize in literature, "for his writings, which are marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power". Canetti's writings describe Europe in the shades of the World Wars. The most outstanding among them are the sociological essay "Crowd and Power" and his ...

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Landau Lev

Lev Landau was born in Baku, Azerbaijan in 1908. He received the 1962 Nobel prize in physics for his studies on super conductivity and super liquidity, especially for his work on liquid Helium. Landau is famous for his classic work on theoretical physics, consisting of ten volumes. Lev Landau passed away in 1968.

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Nirenberg Marshall

Marshall Nirenberg was born in New-York in 1927. Because of his frail health, the family moved to Florida where as a young man, Nirenberg studied biology at the University of Florida. He received his doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Michigan in 1957. From 1960, Nirenberg has been active at the National Institutes of Health. In ...

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…