Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Franck James

James Franck was born in 1882 in Germany. In 1906, he obtained a doctorate degree in Physics. He served as head of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Goettingen University. Franck, who was not personally harassed by the Nazis, adamantly refused to take measures against Jewish students and colleagues, and was compelled to leave Germany. Franck ...

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Muller Hermann

Hermann Muller was born in New York in 1890.  He studied medicine and later taught at Columbia University and at the University of Texas at Austin. Because of his communist views, he moved to the USSR where he served as a senior geneticist at the Academy of Sciences. He returned to the United States in 1940, and continued his research. He died in ...

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Wigner Eugene

Eugene Wigner was born in Budapest in 1902. In 1925 he received his doctorate degree in engineering from the University of Berlin and in 1930 he immigrated to the United States, where he took part in theoretical nuclear research at Princeton University. In 1942, Wigner joined the Manhattan project, set up by president Roosevelt to produce an atom ...

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…