Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Peter Diamond

Imagine a world in which unemployed can go to the “Jobmart”, pull a job from one of the shelves, check out and simply start working the next day. What a joy! Now picture this: world peace, each and every one of us is fulfilled, satisfied, find the perfect spouse, and live in prosperity with no worries or pain, no troubles nor diseases until ...

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Samuelson Paul

Paul Samuelson was born in 1915 in the State of Indiana. He studied at Harvard University and thereafter at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he became a research lecturer from 1940. In 1948/49, he headed a presidential task force on American public welfare and also served as economic advisor to presidents Kennedy and Johnson. In ...

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Gilbert Walter

Walter Gilbert was born in 1932 in Boston. He received, together with Frederic Sanger, the 1980 Nobel prize in chemistry "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids". Gilbert's achievements made possible the diagnosis and prevention of hereditary diseases.

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…