Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Charpak Georges

Georges Charpak was born in 1924 in the little Jewish town of Sarny, Ukraine. He was 8 years old when his family emigrated to France. During the German occupation of France, Charpak joined a leftist group of resistance, was arrested in 1944 and deported to Dachau camp. He was liberated in 1945, being only 21. He started working in the "National ...

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Goldstein Joseph

Joseph Goldstein was born in South-Carolina in 1940. In 1966 he received his medical doctorate in the university of Dallas, Texas. In 1971 he began researching the cholesterol metabolism together with Michael Brown at the university's medical school. In later years he has done research on biochemical genetics at the National Institution of Health in ...

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Peres Shimon

Shimon Peres was born in 1923 in Vishneva, Poland, and at the age of 11 settled in what was then Palestine. He was a pupil at the "Geoula” school in Tel-Aviv and later at the Ben Shemen youth village. As a member of a youth group he joined Kvutsat Alumot in the Galiliee. On the eve of the establishment of the state of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, ...

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…