Nobel Luminaries

Welcome to “Nobel Luminaries” – the online encyclopedia for Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates. The site is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ely Ben-Gal Z”L, initiator and editor of the encyclopedia, a co-founder and chief historian of Beit Hatfutsot.

Advised by the late Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, Ely Ben-Gal produced the encyclopedia during the 1990’s

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Altman Sidney

Sidney Altman was born in Montreal, Canada, in 1939. In 1989, he was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry "for discovering the catalytic nature of RNA. Altman discovered that RNA and DNA do not only carry the genetic code, but have also the ability to start and control chemical reactions.

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kapitsa Pyotr

Pyotr Kapitsa was born in Russia in 1894. He received the 1978 Nobel prize in physics "For his inventions and discoveries in the area of low temperature physics." Pyotr Kapitsa passed away in 1984.

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Charpak Georges

Georges Charpak was born in 1924 in the little Jewish town of Sarny, Ukraine. He was 8 years old when his family emigrated to France. During the German occupation of France, Charpak joined a leftist group of resistance, was arrested in 1944 and deported to Dachau camp. He was liberated in 1945, being only 21. He started working in the "National ...

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Dr. Eli Ben Gal late

This site is dedicated to the bright memory of Dr. Eli Ben Gal Z”L, who initiated and produced the “Jewish Nobel Luminaries” encyclopedia. Dr. Eli Ben-Gal was among the founders of Beit Hatfutsot in 1978 and served as chief historian of the museum for 20 years.

Historian Dr. Eli Ben Gal (1935 – 2015) was born in France to an assimilated Jewish family. During the Holocaust his entire family went into hiding…